Guest Post from Diabetic Living Magazine
Color your plate with a rainbow of vegetables to benefit from a wide range of nutrients.
Sure, we’re all trying to eat more vegetables—but not all veggies are created equal. Nearly every type of vegetable has different amounts and types of nutrients, which means the best way to meet your nutrition needs is to vary your vegetables widely. That means branching out beyond carrots and celery and exploring more of what the produce section has to offer. Not sure where to start? Read on to learn about the different categories of vegetables and how to work them into your diet.
The Dietary Guidelines for Americans suggest not only that we get a certain amount of vegetables each week, but also that we get a variety. The guidelines specifically recommend that adults aged 19 to 50 get 1-1/2 to 2 cups per week of dark green vegetables and 5-1/2 to 6 cups per week of red and orange vegetables. This is in addition to 5 to 6 cups of starchy vegetables and 4 to 5 cups of other vegetables. The reason? Eating a variety of veggies means we get a variety of nutrients—particularly fiber, vitamin A (as carotenoids), vitamin C, potassium and magnesium. Ready to dish up an array of colorful veggies? Here are the key categories to focus on—remember that fresh, frozen and canned varieties all count:
Dark green vegetables: These include leafy greens that can be eaten raw (lettuces, arugula and spinach) or cooked (kale, spinach, chard and collards) as well as nonleafy vegetables such as broccoli and Brussels sprouts. Dark green veggies are high in fiber, vitamins A and C, magnesium, folate and potassium.
Red/purple vegetables: Tomatoes, tomato juice, red sweet peppers, red cabbage, beets, radishes, eggplant and radicchio all fall into this group. These veggies are high in fiber, vitamins A and C, folate and potassium.
Orange/yellow vegetables: These include carrots, orange and yellow bell peppers, sweet potatoes, winter squash and pumpkin. Turn to these brightly hued foods for fiber, vitamin A and potassium.
Starchy vegetables: These include potatoes, corn and green peas. These vegetables are higher in carbohydrates than other vegetables, and are often thought of separately than their colorful counterparts.
Other vegetables: Most of the vegetables not mentioned above fall into the category of other veggies—which means there’s a lot of variety even within this category! Mushrooms, onions, zucchini, cucumbers, cauliflower and celery all fall into this group.
You may think vegetables are too time-consuming to prepare, but it’s all about planning ahead. Scour your supermarket produce aisles for prewashed, ready-to-eat salad greens and cut vegetables that you can eat raw or cook quickly. For no-prep snacks, look for grab-and-go baby carrots, cherry or grape tomatoes and snap peas. To be safe, wash raw vegetables under cold running water before eating them. Frozen and canned vegetables, without high-fat and high-sodium sauces, are another convenient option. Here are some more ideas to make it easier to consume a rainbow of vegetables.
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